letou乐投

xizanggaikuang

时间: 2018年12月21日 来源:letou乐投

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letou乐投

西藏自治区


letou乐投jianchengzang。weiyuzhongguodexinanbianchui,qingzanggaoyuandexinanbu。mianji122.84wanpingfanggongli,yuezhanzhongguozongmianjidebafenzhiyi,jinciyuxinjiangweiwuerzizhiqu。nanbeizuikuanyue1000gongli,dongxizuizhangda2000gongli,shishijieshangmianjizuida,haibazuigaodegaoyuan,you“shijiewuji”zhicheng。tabeilinxinjiang,dongbeijinkaoqinghai,dongxijieliansichuan,dongnanjieyunnan,nanbianhexibuyumiandian、yindu、budan、xijin、niboerdengguojierang。guojingxianzhangda3842gongli,shizhongguoxinanbianchuidezhongyaomenhu,zhanlveweizhishifenzhongyao。

xingzhengquhua


xizangzizhiqushoufuweilasashi。you6gedijishi、1gediqu,74gexian。


renkou、minzu、zongjiao、fengsu

xizangzizhiqushizhongguorenkouzuishao,miduzuixiaodeshengqu。1991nianmorenkou221.8wan,renkoumidu1.73ren/pingfanggongli,zhiyouquanguopingjunshudeliushifenzhiyi。quanqurenkoufenbuhenbupingheng,zhuyaojizhongzainanbuhedongbu。yaluzangbujiangzhongyoujiqizhuyaozhiliulasaheyunianchuheliuyu,shirenkouzuichoumidediqu,10ren/pingfanggongliyishang,qizhonglasapingyuan、nianchuhezhongxiayoupingyuan、zedangpingyuandengdi50ren/pingfanggonglizuoyou,lasachengguanqufujinda100ren/pingfanggongliyishang。zangxiali、zangbeineiqu,renkoutebiexishao,wangwangbailibujianrenyan。qiangtangcaoyuanbeibushenzhibeichengwei“wurenqu”。xizangshiquanguozangzujuminzuijizhongdediqu,1990nianzangzurenkouwei209.6wan,zhanrenkouzongshude95%yishang,qiyushihanzu、huizu、menbazu、luobazu、nuzu、naxizudengminzu。zangzushizhongguogulaodeminzuzhiyi,chuyibufenfenbuzaiqinghai、gansu、sichuan、yunnandengshengwai,erfenzhiyijuzhuzaixizang。


letou乐投menbazu、luobazuyeshijuzhuzaizhongguoxizangdegulaominzu,zhuyaofenbuzaixizangzizhiqunanbu。menbazuyushuhanzangyuxizangmianyuzuzangyuzhi,danfangyanfuza,wuwenzi。yinzhangqihezangzurenminmiqiejiaowang,duotongxiaozangyu,tongyongzangwen。luobazuyushuhanzangyuxizangmianyuzu,meiyouwenzi,jibenshiyongzangwen。


zongjiaozaixizangyouzhejiuyuanershenkediyingxiang,jingneijumin(chuhanzuwai)dabufenxinyangzongjiao,qizhongzangzu、menbazu、luobazudengxinfengzangchuanfojiao,huizuxinfengyisilanjiao。zangchuanfojiaoyingxiangzuida。zangchuanfojiaoshidachengfojiao,xianmijubei,youzhongmizong。tashigongyuan4shijiyilaiwailaifojiaoyuxizangyuanyoudebenjiaozhangqixianghuyingxiang、xianghudouzhengdeguochengzhongchengdedaiyouqiangliedifangsecaidexizangfojiao,zaizangliuchuanyiyou1000duoniandelishi。xingchenglexuduodulidejiaopai,tachuyuanyoudebenjiaowai,haiyou“ningmapai”(suchenghongjiao),“sajiapai”(suchenghuajiao),“gajupai”(suchengbaijiao),“gelupai”(suchenghuangjiao)。conggongyuan16jiqi,xizangshixingzhengjiaoheyidezhidu,yinci,wulunzairenmendesixiangyishishang,haishizaishengchanheshenghuodengdexisushang,doudaiyounonghoudezongjiao(fojiao)secai,zongjiaohuodongchengweidaduoshujuminshenghuodeyigezuchengbufen。


letou乐投xizangzaizijidexingchenghefazhanguochengzhong,youhenduoyuqitaminzusuobutongdedutefengsu,zhuyaoyou:


yinshi。

zangzudezhushiheyinliaozhuyaoshizanba、roushi、naizhipin、suyouchaheqingkejiu。zanbashizangzuteyoudeyizhongzhushi,xiyongqingkechaoshuhoumochengxifen。shiyongfangshi,zhuyaoshibanhesuyoucha,yongshouniechengtuanchi,yekediaoyiyancha、suannaihuoqingkejiu。

fuzhuang。

letou乐投zangzhuangjiaoweifeida,jibentedianshizhangxiu、kuanyao、dajin。zangzuchuanyi,limiandouyaoyouyijianchenshan,waimianzaichuanzangpao。chuanshixiatianhuolaodongshizhichuanzuoxiu,youxiuconghoumianladaoxiongqiandazaiyoujianshang;yekezuoyouxiujunbuchuan,liangxiushuzaiyaojian。dandongtianyibanliangxiujunchuanshang。

lisu。

letou乐投zhuyaoyou: xianhada——shizangzuzuipubiandelijie,hunsang、jieqing、qiaoqian、baihuizunzhang,chaobaifoxiang,songbieyuanxingdeng,douyouxianhadadexiguan。ketou——shizangminzuchangjiandelijie,yibanshichaobaifoxiang、fotahejiandahuofoshiketou,yeyouduizhangzheketoude。kuizeng——shizangzurenminshifenzhongshideshi,fanyouxiqingbiransonglizhihe。yibanshiyousongbiyouhai,fouzejiweishili。ciwai,jugong、jingjiu、jingchashizangzuliyizhongzuichangjian,zuipubiandeqingkuang。

jieri。

yinianzhongdezhuyaojieriyou: zanglinian——zanglishizangzurenminyongdenianli。zanglinianshizangzurenminyinianzhongzuizhongyao、zuilongzhongdejieri,xiangdangyuhanzudechunjie。suyouhuadengjie——kaishiyumingyongleqinian(1409)。fojiaogelupaizushizongkabayudangnianzanglizhengyueshiwuzailasachuangbanchuanzhaofahui,longzhongjinianshijiamounishixianshenbianjiangfuxiemori。zheiyixisuyanxixialai,renmenbaitiandaogesichaobai,yewanjiyulasabakuojiecanjiadenghui,ruyehoumanjiedaqigezhonghuajia,shangyoucaisesuyoubaichengdegezhongshenhuagushijiqizhongderenwu、huamu、niaoshoudeng,renmenzaisuhuazhixia,kuanghuanqiwu,cheyebumian。xuedunjie(yiweisuannaishengyan)。

7yue1rikaishi。jieriqijian,lasashiminjihuqingchengchudong,chuanshangjierishengzhuang,daishangdianxin、tangguo、shipin、qingkejiu、suyoucha、pijiudengchiheyongpinhezhangpeng、weibu,daoluobulinkabiankanjiemubianyouwan。cishi,gedizhuanyeheyeyujutuanyejujilasa,yanchugezhongjumudezangxi,renaofeifan。wangguojie——qingfengshoudejieri。


7yuedi8yuechujuxing。guangdanongminchuanzhexinzhuang,jujizaitianjianxunyou,jinqinggewu,juxingsaima、sainiu、shejian、toushi、shuaijiaodenghuodong。bingjinxingfengshengdejiaoyan。ciwaihaiyou“muyujie”(9yueshangxun)、“shenxianxiafanjie”(9yue22ri)、“xiannvjie”(10yue15ri),“randengjie”(10yue25ri)、quguijie(12yue29ri)deng。


yange

xizangziguyilaijiushizhongguodelingtu。gongyuan7shijichu,zangzudeminzuyingxiongsongzanganbutongyilexizanggebuluo,jianliletufanwangchao。13shijizhongye,xizangzhengshinaruzhongguoyuandaibantu,jiangxizanghuafenwei13gewanhu,wanhuzhangyouchaotingzhijiefengren。mingdaidejin300nianjian,zanghanrenminhemuxiangchu。qingdaijinyibujiaqiangleduixizangdezhili。1911nianxinhaigeminghou,zhonghuaminguoshiqixuanbushixinghan、man、meng、hui、zangwuzugonghe,lingtutongyi,zai《linshiyuefa》zhongguidingxizangweizhongguolingtu,fanduihedizhi“xizangduli”huodong。zhonghuarenmingongheguojianlihou,zhongyangzhengfujuedinghepingjiefangxizang。


zhonghuarenmingongheguojianlichuqi,xizangyou147gezong(xiangdangyuneididexian)hexiangdangyuzongdeqika,renkouyue100wan。1950nian10yuechangdoujiefanghou,changdoudiquhuaweizhongyangzhixiaqu。1952nianshishibanshaneerdenifanzang,genju1951nianzhongyanghexizangqiandingde《shiqitiaoxieyi》youguanguiding,huifuleguyoudediweihezhiquan,“banshankanbuhuiyiting”guanxiabanshanshuqudeyiqiezhengjiaoshiwu。zheiyang,liantonggaxia(xizangdifangzhengfu)zainei,zhonghuarenmingongheguojianlichuqixizanggongyou3gexingzhengdanwei,jigaxiaxiaqu,banshankanbuhuiyitingxiaqu,changdourenminjiefangweiyuanhuixiaqu。1956nian,xizangzizhiquchoubeiweiyuanhuichengli。xiaxialasa、shannan、jiangzi、rikaze、changdou、tagong、ali、neiqudeng8gexiangdangyuzhuanqujianzhidejichujibanshichu。


1959nian3yue,xizangshangcengtongzhijituanzhongdeyixierengongkaisihui《shiqitiaoxieyi》,fadongquanmianwuzhuangpanluan。bujiu,panluanbeipingxi(jianxizangpingpan)1960nianpingpangaigehou,feichulefengjiannongnuzhidu,quanquyuanyoude83gezonghe64gexiangdangyuzongdeduliqika,hebinghuafenwei1geshi、7gezhuanquhe72gexian。1961nian9yue,yuanbanshankanbuhuiyitingweiyuanhuizaiwanchengtadelishirenwuhouxuangaojieshu。1962nian,shelikangmaxian、gangbaxian,chexiaopangduoxian。alidiqudezhongbaxianhuaguirikazezhuanqu。1963nian,chexiaotagong、jiangzierzhuanqu,quanquhebingwei1shi5zhuanqu。1964nian,chexiaoxuebaxian,qixingzhengquyuhuaguigongbujiangdaxian、bayiqu、jialixiansanxian,chexiaodamusajiaxian,qixingzhengquyuhuaguibangexian;chexiaodalongxian,qixingzhengquyuhuaguilangkazixian。1965nian,xizangzizhiquchengli,xingzhengquhuayouzuoleruoganbiandong: heihezhuanqugaiweineiquzhuanqu,heihexiangaimingweineiquxian;zheguxiangaimingweicuomeixian;sangangxiangaimingweichayuxian。1982nian,sheshuanghu、wenbubanshichu,weineiquzhuanqusuoxia。1986nianshezhilinzhizhuanqu。1987nianrikazexiangaiweirikazeshi(xianjishi)。


ziranziyuanhewuchan


quanqugeleitianrancaochangmianjiyou0.83yigongqing,zhanquanqutudimianjide67%,yuezhanzhongguotianrancaochangmianjide26%,senlinfugaimianjida632wangongqing,zhanxizangtudimianjide5%,yuezhanquanguosenlinmianjide5.5%,senlinzongxujiliangwei14.4yilifangmi,zhanzhongguozongxujiliangde14%;gengdimianjiwei22.15wangongqing,zhanxizangtudimianjide0.18%,lingyouyidingshuliangweikaikendehoubeiziyuan。zhuyaonongqufenbuzaizangnanyaluzangbujianghegudiqu,zangnanshandihegudiyijizangdong“sanjiang”liuyuxiagudiqu。qigengdiyuezhanquanqugengdimianjide65%,liangshichanliangzhan70%。


yitanmingdekuangchanda70duozhong,yitanmingchuliangde26zhongkuangchanzhong,you11zhongdechuliangfenbiemingliezhongguodeqian5wei。getiekuangzhilianghao,pinweigaoda50%zuoyou,yijingtanmingdeyuanjingchuliangjuzhongguozhiguan;tongkuangdeyuanjingchuliangjinciyujiangxisheng。zangdongyulongdaxingbanyantongkuangchulianggaoda600duowandun,shijiehanjian。lideyuanjingchuliangjushijieqianlie。feijinshukuangzhongshigaojuzhongguodierwei;pengsha、lingmeikuang、zhongjingshijuzhongguodisanwei;shen、baiyunmu、nitanjuzhongguodisiwei;taocitujuzhongguodiwuwei。haiyoushiyan、tianranjian、mangxiao、liu、lin、jia、guizaotu、bingzhoushi、dalishi、gangyu、shuijing、manaodengduozhongkuangchan。


letou乐投shuineng、direneng、taiyangneng、fengnengdengjunfeichangkeguan,youyishuinengziyuanzuiweifengfu。quanqupingjunjingliuzongliangyue3590yilifangmi,nianpingjuntianranshuinengyunzangliangyuewei2yiqianwa,yuezhanzhongguode30%。shuinengjizhongzaixizangdedongnanbudiqu,yuezhanquanqude70%,jinyaluzangbujiangganliu,tianranshuinengyunzangliangjida8000wanqianwa,jingchubukaocha,yaluzangbujiangganliushangkejianshuidianzhandeheduanhedidianjiuyou10duochu。tebieshiruguozaiyaluzangbujiangxiayoudachangwanxiagufujinkaizaoyitiao36gonglidesuidao,jiangjiangshuiyoubayiqudepaiquzhijieyindaomotuoxiandelidongqiao,biankehuode2190mideluocha,kejianqizhuangjirongliangwei4000wanqianwadejuxingshuidianzhan,jiangchengweizhongguoheshijiezuidadeshuidianzhan。xizangdedirexianshidianyou600duochu,direnengyunzangliangjuzhongguoshouwei。chubugusuan,xizangdirezongreliuliangwei55wanqianka/miao。xizangdangxiongyangbajingdiretianweizhongguozuidadegaowenshizhengqiretian,yeshishijiedaxingretianzhiyi。


letou乐投xizangdegaodengzhiwuyou5766zhongzhiduo。liangshizuowuzhuyaoyouqingke、xiaomai,douleizuowuzhuyaoyoucandou、wandou,youliaozuowuzhuyaoyouyoucaizi。zaizangdongnanyaredaidiqu,haichanshuidao、yumi、qiaomai、jizhuagu、gaoliang、huasheng、zhimadeng。shuiguoyoupingguo、tao、li、xiangjiao、juzi、putao、xiguadeng。xizangdepingguoxianyishixianzijiyouyu。jingjizuowuyouhetao、chaye。


letou乐投zhuyaolinmuyouyunshan、lengshan、huashansong、luoyesong、baihua、qingdengjibaizhong,qizhongximalayalengshan、juboweixizangduyou。xizangyouyaoyongzhiwu1000duozhong,zhanquanguoyaoyongzhiwude65%~70%,bijiaozhumingdezhongyaocaiyouchongcao、beimu、sanqi、dahuang、tianma、dangcan、qinjiao、dancan、lingzhi、xuelian、mahuang、honghuadeng。


yeshengdongwuzhuyaoyouyemaoniu、yelv、huangyang、lingyang、panyang、yanyang、zhangzi、lu、bao、hou、laohu、xiong、huli、lang、sheli、shuita、xuezhu、xiongmao、xueji、maji、huangya、huiya、tiane、shaoudeng。qizhongbeilieweishijiezhenpindeyoubaichunlu、yemaoniu、jinqianbao、xuebao、xiaoxiongmao、zanglingyang、zangyelv、zangxueji、zangmaji、heijinghedeng,shiqingzanggaoyuansuoteyoudedongwu。


jingji、wenjiao


shehuizongchanzhiheguominshouruwendingzengzhang。1958niangongnongyezongchanzhijin2.02yiyuan。1991niangongnongyezongchanzhi25.4277yiyuan,bi1958nianzengzhangle11.6bei。1991nianshehuizongchanzhi45.727yiyuan,guominshouruwei25.9443yiyuan,guominshengchanzongzhi30.53yiyuan。1991nianguominshengchanzongzhigouchengweidiyichanyezhan50.77%,dierchanyezhan13.66%,disanchanyezhan35.57%。


xizangjingjidezhuyaoshiwuzhibiaowei: 1991nianliangshichanliangwei64.42wandun,niu、yangrou8.64wandun,yangmao9064dun;shengchunianmocunlan2317wantou(zhi),qizhongdashengchu575wantou。1991nianchangetiekuangshi9.55wandun,fadianliang34.491wanqianwaxiaoshi。yuanmu21wanlifangmi。dutedeminzushougongyechanpinyoulezhangzujinzhan,shehuizijin、caizhengshouru、chengxiangjuminchuxucunkuanjunyoujiaodazengzhang。lvyouyefazhanxunsu。xizangxianyougeleizhuanyejishurenyuan2.69wanren,xianyouputonggaodengxuexiao4suo,fenbieshixizangdaxue、xizangnongmuxueyuan、xizangminzuxueyuanhexizangzangyixueyuan。youzhongdengzhuanyexuexiao15suo。weilejiasuxizangrencaipeiyang,1985nianqi,zaineidi19geshengshibanxizangban,xianyouzaixiaoxuesheng9000yuren,bingfazhanledianjiaoshiye。quanqugongyouyishutuanti25ge,wenhuaguan24ge,tushuguan18ge,danganguan1ge,quanquguangbodianshitai2zuo,guangbofashetaihezhuanbotai26zuo,dianshifashetaihezhuanbotai(hanchazhuantai)119zuo。


mingshengguji


letou乐投xizangbujinyoushijiewujiqiyidedizhidimaohedutedeziranfengguang,erqieyoubiejuyigedeshehuirenwenjingguan,jinsimiaozailishishangzuishengshijiuyou2700duozuo,haiyoubushaogongdian、yuanlin、chengbao、yaosai、gumu、gubeideng。


yalonghefengjingmingshengqu。

julasa150gongli,weiyuhaocheng“xizangliangcang”deshannanshinanbu,shizangminzugongrendefaxiangdi。quneizhuyaomingsheng: yongbulakang,zangyuyiwei“muzigong”,zaishannanshinaidongxiandongnan,yalonghedongandeshandingshang。xiangchuanjianyugongyuanqian1shiji,diantangneibaocunyoulidaiwenwu、dianji,shixizangzuizaodegongdianjianzhuyizhi。sangyesi,jianyugongyuan779nian,zangyuyiwei“wubiansi”,“cunxiangsi”。weiyuzhanangxianyaluzangbujiangbeian。waixinghongweizhuangzhong,shixizangdiyizuotidusengrenchujiadesiyuan。zangwangmuqun(quanguozhongdianwenwubaohudanwei),weiyushannanshiqiongjiexianchengduimiandemurishanshang,beishanmianshui,weitufanshiqizangwangmendemuzangqun。jushiliaojizaiyou21zuomu,xiannengjiandaomuyou9zuo,fangyuanda3gongli,shangweifajue,duoshumugaodashushimi,kusishanqiu。


lasamingshengqu。

letou乐投quneizhuyaomingsheng: budalagong,zhongguozhumingdegujianzhu,quanguozhongdianwenwubaohudanwei,shihanzangjianzhuyishuhebizhizuo。dazhaosineibihua、fudiao、suxiangdengdouyutangdaineididefenggexiangsi,sineibaocunyoutangdaiyilaidedalianglishiwenwu。luobulinkazangyuyiwei“baobeiyuanlin”,zailasashixijiao,shijianyu16shiji,weilidaidalailamadexiagong,zhandi36gongqing,fenweigongneihegongqianqu、senlinqusangezhuyaobufen,yuanneiyougongdianfotang,tingtaishuixie,huchixiaojing,quzhetongyou,shilasazhumingdeyuanlinfengjingqu。zhebangsi,weiyulasaxibei5gonglideshanposhang,jianyu1416nian。lishishangsengrendingewei7700ren,zhuyaojianzhuweidajingtang,kerong8000sengren。lidaidalaidouyicisiweimusi。sineishouzangdelishiwenwu、fojiaojingdianjigongyimeishupinshifenfengfu。selasi,zuoluoyulasabeibushanshang,jianyu1419nian,sengrenduoshida5500ren,guimohongda,huanjingyoumei,sineifoxiangshangwanzun。haiyouxuduolaizineididefoxiang、faqi、gongqidengzhenguiwenwu。gandansi,jianyu1409nian,weiyulasayidongyue20gonglidedaziqujingnei,simiaojianyuwangguershandingdeshanaochu,qizhuyaodiantangkerongna3000duosengrenzaidianzhongsongjing。sineiyouhuangjiaoshizuzongkabalingtadian,lingtayongbaiyinjianzao,waibaochunjin,shifenhuamei,sizhonghaiyongyouqianlongkuijiahe“tangxiu”dengzhenguilishiwenwu。ciwaihaiyouxiaozhaosi、chubusi、longwangtangongyuan、laodongrenminwenhuagong、xizanggemingzhanlanguandengmingshengjingdian。

rikazemingshengfengjingqu


zhashenlunbusi,zhashenlunbuzangyuyiweijixiangxumizhiyi。gaisiweiyurikazeshixi,shixizangfojiaogelupai(huangjiao)sidasiyuanzhiyi,youshihouzangdiqubanshansishiyihoulishibanshandezhuxizumiao。dafodianneigongfengdeyizundujinqiangbatongfo(jimilefo)gaoda26.7mi。quansijianzhumianjijin30wanpingfangmi,baocunzhedaliangchuanshidezhenguiwenwujixuxurushengdebihua。sajiasi,weiyurikazediqusajiaxianchengnei,quansizangshuyou4wanjuan,kechengshidierdunhuang。sajiafawangbasibacengbeiyuanshizuhubiliefengweiguoshi。xialusi,weiyurikazedongnanyue10gonglichu,jianyu1087nian,weizanghanhunhedejianzhujiegou,zangshidiantang,hanshidianding,bihuafengfu,jingmei,juyoudutedefengge。baijusi,weiyurikazejiangzixianchengnei,jianyu1414nian,youwenmingxizangdenisuluohantang,sineibaiketa(yiweijixianglun)gong9ceng,tazuodicengguang2200pingfangmi,gongyou108gemen,meicengjunyoufotang,gongyoufoxiangbinghuimanlebihua,jushuojiaqilaifoxiangyou10wanzunzhiduo,guyouhaochengshiwanzunfota。zongshanpaotai,wei1904nianxizangjunminkangjiyingguoqinlvejunyizhi。zongshandishigaojun,weidiyuyingjun,zaibanshanqianyacenggouzhupaotaiheqitafangyusheshi,yizhizhijinshangcun。yangzhuoyongcuo,humianhaiba4441mi,mianji638pingfanggongli,shuishen30~60mi,xushuiliang150duoyilifangmi,huzhongshengchangaoyuanluoli,yuleiyunzangliangda2~3yigongjin。hubinzhouweishuicaofengmei,shuwanzhitiane、huangya、shuiying、shaoudengzhangqijijuhuzhong。gangrenboqifenghemapangyongcuo,weiyualidiqupulanxianjingnei,weizhumingdeqiannianfojiaoshengdi,zhijinzhongwaixiangkebuduan。gugewangguoyizhi,xigongyuan10shijiqianhoudeyichujianzhuqun,weiquanguozhongdianwenwubaohudanwei。


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letou乐投1

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